When the World Football League came into existence
“future” contracts were a way owners set out to compete with the National
Football League. A number of NFL players
signed future contracts with the WFL including Jim Kiick, Larry Csonka and Paul
Warfield of the Super Bowl champion Miami Dolphins. But it was Richmond Flowers Jr. who started
it all as the first player under contract with the NFL to officially sign with
the World Football League.
What were you doing in 1973 prior to the World Football League?
Richmond Flowers Jr.: I was with the New York Giants in New York City
and I was also a part of the World, there was a professional track circuit they
tried to start at the same time and those World Football League guys were the
same guys, [WFL Founder/Commissioner- Gary] Davidson and those guys were
connected somehow and that’s how they got in touch with me. And I think I was the first one to sign, I signed
before the quarterback from the Chicago Bears did. Which didn’t necessarily turn out to be a
(Ed. note- In the early 70’s the International
Track Association was formed. Richmond
Flowers Jr. competed in it and Gary Davidson was a part of the advisory
interested you in the league?
I mean its money is what I was interested in.
I was living in New York City, starting defensive back making $27,000
and wondering why I never had any money when the season was over. So they offered a whole bunch of money. I didn’t have the sense of how to secure it
and took it on a promise. You know never
ever really got paid.
kind of money were they offering to you?
they offered about $250,000.
how many years?
just remember the number. Probably 3 I
there one team making an offer, or multiple teams?
got offered by the league. The league [co-founders],
[Gary] Davidson and [Donald J.] Regan.
They were the ones that offered it and they said they would assign me to
a team. But they wanted me to do it
because I was in New York City and I was in the track so a little bit of name
recognition and that’s why. So I did it
with the league and I ended up getting signed to Houston.
did the NFL react when you decided to play in the World Football League?
They really never said anything. They
offered me some goofy $28,000 or something and I probably should have gone and
negotiated with them but the others offered me a lot more so I just took it and
they read about it in the newspaper.
read in some places you signed for a front office job but you also played in
Yeah, that was part of the deal. They
would assign me to a team and I would also be working a career when it was all
over in the front office. That was a
part of the enticement, but it was to play.
But I couldn’t play until my contract ran out. The Giants still had an option on me for one
more year so I had to wait around and while I waited around I actually worked
with the Texans until finally the Giants cut me at the end. And then I could play with the Texans and
then they ended up moving to Shreveport.
you were also going to move into the front office but they signed you to play.
yeah. That was just a part of it but I
didn’t sign for the front office. I
signed to be a player but with the understanding that if everything went well
there would be a place for me in the league office or in the front office which
is certainly something the Giants never would offer, and I had seen what
happened with the AFL, and those guys were pretty charming, and I was hoping
they could do it again. You know they
had done the World Hockey [Association] and that, at the time, was doing pretty
well. So I thought they could really
pull it off. I was wrong.
(Ed. note- The World Hockey Association (WHA)
existed from 1972-1979. Gary Davidson
was a co-founder of the league. Four WHA
teams merged into the NHL. (The Edmonton Oilers, New England Whalers, Quebec Nordiques
and the Winnipeg Jets))
was that like when they [Houston Texans] moved [to Shreveport, Louisiana]? You were coming to a franchise that was just
moving, they had a new ownership, they had a new head coach. What was that like to come in and start
playing with them?
I thoroughly enjoyed Shreveport. That
was a great place to play. They
supported the team really well. I mean
Houston didn’t support them at all. But
Shreveport did and when you’re playing you like to think somebody cares about
what you’re doing and it was kind of like a Green Bay situation. So I thoroughly enjoyed the two years I was
your favorite story from playing with the Shreveport Steamer?
geez, (laughs). Going to the horse
tracks and trying to win some money at the horse tracks. They started those about the same time that
we had our team (laughs) (Louisiana Downs Race Track opened in
October of 1974) and that was our best chance to make any money was
going out to the horse tracks I think. And,
you know, just kind of a shock being in a really low end dressing room. I mean you knew you were in the minors when
you were in that dressing room and nobody was paid so everybody was grumbling
all the time. You know they weren’t
happy. And Shreveport probably got paid
less than anybody but when we played in the game we played and we loved it and
that’s why we kept playing for nothing.
Because we loved the game. But
you never forget not getting paid and people not being able to pay their bills
and cars being repossessed. It was
were you getting paid occasionally a little bit or were they not paying you at
did pay some. I got paid… they
guaranteed me, let’s say I was getting paid $30,000. Seems like they guaranteed me $15,000 and
they said they’d pay that upfront if I came back the second year. And I said “No problem. That’d be good. I’ll do it.”
But the $15,000 that you pay me is going to apply to the last seven
games. Let’s say that there was 14 games
and that I’ll get paid month to month on the first seven games. (laughs) I
figured out a few things along the way.
And I’d be daggone if they didn’t go seven games and then cave in and
nobody got paid the rest of their money.
But I did. Because I got a
guarantee on the second half of the season.
WFLN: Wow. That’s interesting.
Yeah, it was lucky. But it was also
experience having been through all that stuff you know and they were willing to
give me the money up front, in advance against the salary and I said
“Great. Just make it advanced against
the last seven games and not the first seven.”
And they did it and that’s how I got paid.
heard stories about teams because of the lack of money not being able to get
uniforms back from the laundry or problems with team bus drivers not getting
paid. Do you recall any stories like
that during your time with the Shreveport Steamer?
RF: No. You know they did exactly what they said
they’d do the second year. We played
seven games and I don’t remember having any problems other than we came to a
screeching halt at seven games. (Ed. Note- they played 12 games in 1975) I
know what you’re talking about and I think Philadelphia and some of those ended
up a lot worse than we were. Now that I
remember thinking about it Shreveport was a pretty good place. They did pay some of the money. Some of those people I don’t think paid
anything. I remember when the USFL (United States Football League) came
along. I had some friends that were
coaching and they weren’t getting paid and I said “Well, what you should do is
wait till you’re on national television and then about six hours or seven hours
before the game tell them you’re not going to play if they don’t pay you and
pay all the players.” They wouldn’t do
it but that was the only thing that you could have done was you had to hold
them up on a television game in order to get paid and nobody would do that
because they knew that if they didn’t play then that could just take the whole
thing down and everybody was afraid of taking the whole thing down because
everybody loved the game so much and they didn’t want to do that. And they should have because other guys
probably would have ponied up and paid those guys. Because some of those guys didn’t get paid
mentioned the Philadelphia Bell in there.
You played a game one time with Shreveport against Philadelphia.
was at JFK Stadium and it was reported that only 750 fans were at that game.
think there was that many?
(Ed. note- JFK Stadium could hold 102,000 for
was that like to play inside a stadium of that size with that few people?
it was pouring down rain. I remember that
even more than the lack of a crowd. I
mean it was intense and nobody had conditioned the field and so we were playing
in mud slop in front of those 700 people. But I do remember it. I remember there was nobody there and in the
locker room at halftime I put a quarter in a pay phone and called somebody and
just… it was a joke. I called Lucia and
said “I’m playing in a football game against the Philadelphia Bell and there’s
nobody in the stands and it’s pouring down rain.” I mean the coaches couldn’t really get to
hopped up over that deal when you’re sitting there with nobody in the stands.
(Ed. note- The Steamer defeated the Bell 30-25)
would you consider to be the best player on the team?
remember playing against [Jim] Nance in the NFL and he was the first 250 pound
running back I’d ever seen. Of course it
was 250 around his stomach. You know he
was huge. Whereas the guys today are 240
pounds and they have 8% body fat but Nance was a great guy. He was a character. He was.
Joe Robb was there from the Detroit Lions and it was the tail end of his
career. You know, all we could do is cry
or laugh and we just laughed a lot. On
one hand it was terrible we didn’t have money.
On the other it was just… hell, it was a hoot. You just go out and play and do the best you
you weren’t getting paid or players weren’t getting paid that much why did you
all decide to keep playing?
we love the game so much and they just hoped that maybe it would all work
out. It’s like they did in the USFL and
everything else. I mean these guys
today, if those teams didn’t pay all that ridicules money they’d still
play. I guarantee you. But those owners are willing to pay it so
they should take everything they can till those owners decide one day to say
“no, we’re going to pay X amount.”
They’d lose some [players]. You
know there’d be some that got a lot of money and quit. But I guarantee you those guys come along out
of college will play for whatever they can get because they love the game. We were the same way. I mean it’s living proof that those guys
loved the game. That’s why they played. It’s why I played. I mean I wanted the money but the bottom line
was they didn’t pay the money anymore then it came down to do you want money or
do you love the game? And I love the
did you find out about the league folding?
just came in one day and said we’re not going to ask you to play anymore and
they’re not going to play. I had gotten
hit in the back of the shoulder and I actually missed the last game and didn’t
even play because I was hurt. So I may
not have even been in the locker room when they announced it. I can’t remember how we were told but I just
remember we didn’t finish. Only thing I
remember was I got paid those last games that we didn’t get paid. And I ended up getting the whole
$35,000. I wanted to go to law school
and so I had to come back and play that year cause I needed the money to go to
law school. So I came back and they paid
me like I told you and so with that $35,000 I then had the money to go to law
school and I enrolled in law school the next September.
(Ed. note- Flowers Jr. went to the
University of Alabama School of Law)
I read that you represented the players at a meeting following the franchise
folding. Do you recall that meeting?
I don’t. What was there to represent?
were pretty upset about the team folding and that players weren’t going to get
(Ed. note- In a quote from the UPI following the
league folding Flowers Jr. said “Supposedly they are to come up with an offer
to make a settlement with the players.” “I think that’ is wishful
thinking. If they think I am just going
to walk away from this, I’m not. If
there’s any dirty laundry to drag out, we’ll drag it out.”)
was sad! I mean there were people coming
around there trying to get some of the players to take counterfeit money and go
to racetracks and do it. You know
whatever or however you do that. It was
sad that guys were in that shape they would even consider something like
that. I don’t think any of them did
it. I knew that I had gotten that
$35,000 that year and I knew that it was going to secure my future with law
school. But those other guys they didn’t
get paid but for the first half and nothing thereafter. They were all promised this would be a
different deal and it’s all going to work out and it didn’t. But you didn’t have any bargaining
power. There’s nothing you could do or
say. You’re upset all you want to but if
they don’t have the money they don’t have the money. That’s where I learned my lesson. Just because some big guy with a lot of money
is involved that doesn’t mean anything.
Cause you take a guy like Donald Trump, he may be worth a billion
dollars but he limits his risk. So he
gets through a deal with a corporation and he says ‘I’ll put in a million and a
half’ or whatever the number is and when you pass that number he’s done. And kids just don’t understand that. They think because there’s some big name in
there, Chris Hemmeter or whoever it was going to be it was going to work. But those guys, you know, they’re not going
to let one deal take all their wealth away.
And so there was nothing you could do.
And I figured that out at that point that those guys were not going to
come up with any money to keep the thing going and why would they with 700
people going to a football game? People
weren’t coming. Birmingham had a great
team and they had great crowds but theirs were falling off too because it was
just sick and the fans knew it and they just didn’t want to support it anymore.
(Ed. note- Chris Hemmeter was the owner of “The
Hawaiians” franchise in 1974 and became the WFL Commissioner in 1975)
We’re approaching the 40th anniversary of when the league started,
next year. Now, 40 years later, how do
you think the World Football League should be remembered?
was a bunch of guys that dream, that looked at the possibilities. And being involved at the beginning is
something really special. You know they
all maintained that optimism. We were
very optimistic and we saw the glass half full and we loved the game. But at that point of time the NFL wasn’t
paying anything. Now they picked it
up. The WFL after [Jim] Kiick, [Larry] Csonka
and [Paul] Warfield came across and some of those guys got a bunch of money the
NFL started paying more and it never looked back. But boy, when we came along they weren’t
paying anything. That’s what people
don’t realize. They had that little spurt
with the AFL and NFL, you know with Joe Namath getting $250,000 (Ed. note- Namath’s AFL contract was
reportedly 427,000) everybody thought that was the end of the world but
after that competition between those leagues died then those salaries went back
down. I remember Calvin Hill, I think he
was a first round draft pick. I think he
got a $25,000 bonus and a $25,000 salary.
I mean that’s a first round draft pick.
I was a second [round] draft pick and I got a $21,000 bonus and a
And the WFL helped change that a little bit.
RF: It did change it. It changed it. And they never went back down after
that. They kept going.